Establishment of BC. The ancient city of Ephesus, which dates back to 6000 years, was an ancient city belonging to Rome, Greece and Turks in different periods. Inside the Temple of Artemis, a House of the Virgin Mary and the Companions of the Cave Artworks have this extraordinary work as one of the most important tourist sites in Izmir and Turkey, located in the town of Selcuk. Ephesus, the Hellenistic and Roman times had the most brilliant times. During the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus, the population of the province of Asia reached 200,000 people. Being a gate between East and West, Efes was also an important port city. This feature made Ephesus an important trade and political center at that time. It was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015.
Besides, the biggest temple of Artemis culture which is based on Anatolia's old goddess tradition is located in Ephesus. Ephesus, which has a very important place in history and today, has developed famous names like Herakleitos, Artemidoros, Hipponaks, Zenodotos and Soranos.