On Mount Nemrut, they have been standing for centuries, with a splendid silence, in an almost unrealistic dÈcor of a late explored history. The gigantic heads and bodies, which have fallen apart, watch the sun ìa different g¸n birth and sunset every day. They are the gods and kings who live in the peaks of Mount Nemrut. Mount Nemrut is located in Kahta District of Adiyaman, in Southeastern Anatolia. The cultural value of the mountain consists of the tumulus, giant statues and reliefs of the tomb of King Antiochus I of Commagene. One of the most important remains of the Hellenistic period on Mount Nemrut, the statues were taken under protection by UNESCO in 1987 as a cultural heritage. Kingdom of Kommagene and Mount Nemrut
Hatay, Pinarbasi, Northern Toros, and the Commagene Kingdom, founded in the fertile lands surrounded by the Euphrates River, entered the history pages with the Assyrian records in 850 BC. In those years the Kingdom of Commagene was under the sovereignty of the Assyrians. Commagene, which had experienced the invasion of Persians and Alexander the Great in the following years, became independent in 130 BC. The Commagene Kingdom, whose capital was Samosata, was a multicultural structure. It was a combination of many different peoples. In the Kingdom of Commagene, the Greek name arada The Society of Genes î, the faith, culture and traditions of the Greek and Persian civilizations coincided. This situation prevented their unification as a single people. Mithridates, one of the most important kings, tried many ways to keep the people together, but he was not very successful. As a last resort he made a contract with imaginary gods. The people were greatly influenced by this contract with the gods and the ties between the peoples grew stronger than before.